Typical Causes of Lower Back Pain

Back Pain Treatment Fort Worth TXPeople often believe that their back pain is always tied to a serious injury to either one of the vertebrae or a disc (the soft oval cushioning pads between the vertebrae). Otherwise, how can the pain be so intense?

Reality is that lower back pain more often than not is caused by a torn or pulled muscle or ligament. These kinds of injuries can happen suddenly, or they can develop slowly over time from repetitive movements. One of these types of back injuries can occur when lifting a heavy object, a sudden movement, poor back posture, a sports injury, or even seemingly light lifting done at an improper angle. Back strains or sprains will usually heal themselves and don’t lead to chronic pain (as damage to the vertebrae and discs can), but they sure can be painful. How many of you have lifted something the wrong way and soon found yourself flat on the floor, seemingly unable to move?

Ligament or muscle strains

Whether you’ve injured your muscle or a ligament isn’t important — the symptoms and treatment are the same. But for the record here’s the difference:

  • A sprain happens from over-stretching and tearing ligaments. These are the connective tissues that connect the bones.
  • A strain happens when a muscle is stretched too far and tears, damaging the muscle itself.

Common causes of sprains and strains:

  • Lifting a heavy object
  • Twisting while lifting
  • Poor posture over time
  • Sudden movements that overload the lower back (such as a fall)
  • Sports injuries with twisting or force impact

When you strain a muscle or ligament

The muscles of the hip, pelvis, buttocks, and hamstrings all work together to assist the muscles of the lower back to support the lumbar spine. When these muscles or the ligaments in the area are injured, pain or tightness can be felt across the lower back and through the hips or buttocks.

Symptoms usually follow a pattern:

Pain is most intense for the initial few hours and days. Certain movements such as bending forward or backward, or standing upright will be painful.

The pain continues for one to two weeks as the muscles or ligaments heal. Certain movements or positions such as standing for a long time or stiffness when getting up from sitting will continue.

The good thing about these injuries is that they usually heal themselves. It may take four to six weeks to heal fully, but you’ll feel progressively better.

If your pain isn’t getting better, however, you’re headed into the area of chronic pain, and that can be caused by issues with the vertebrae, discs, and nerves exiting the spinal column. In those cases, you need to call the team at DFW Center for Spinal Disorders, 817-916-4685.

Posted in: Back Pain

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